Hyperbole, Understatement, Periphrasis and Euphemism

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Last week we discussed about Hyperbole, Understatement, Periphrasis and Euphemism. I want to share with information that I found about these SDs) PERIPHRASIS , one of many literary Tropes, is...

Last week we discussed about Hyperbole, Understatement, Periphrasis and Euphemism.

I want to share with information that I found about these SDs)

PERIPHRASIS , one of many literary Tropes, is the "use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression", or  "an instance of periphrasis"

It was first used in the 1530s, and comes from a Latin word meaning "circumlocution," or from the Greek,  periphrazein, "to speak in a roundabout way," from peri- "round about" (see peri-) + phrazein "to express."

Periphrasis is most often used to give the reader the sense that more detail has been doled out when the writer only needs to say one word or one short phrase.

Examples of Periphrasis

  • “The big man upstairs hears your prayers.” (Refers to God.)
  • "The king of the football team hiked the ball." (Refers to quarterback.)
  • Voldemort, the main villain of the Harry Potter series, is often called "He Who Must Not Be Named."
  • The high-tech, electronic device said that I had an email. (Refers to computer.)
  • The greatest playwright that ever lived wrote Romeo and Juliet. (Refers to Shakespeare.)

(http://www.earthwidemoth.com/wiki/Periphrasis)

Euphemisms To Speak Politely And Courteously
  • Fat - chubby, full-figured, plump, voluptuous, overweight, big boned
  • Remedial - special needs, developmental
  • Poor - underprivileged, unable to make ends meet, modest, financially embarrassed
  • Handicapped - physically challenged, disables, differently abled, crippled
  • Homeless - displaced, dispossessed, adrift
  • Military Attack - armed intervention, collateral damage
  • Bathroom - be excused, restroom, public conveniences
  • Unemployed - between the jobs
  • Vomit - blow chunks, lose your lunch
  • Pregnant - bun in oven, in the club, in the family way
  • Euphemisms For Death Asleep with Jesus, bite the dust, cement shoes, bills of mortality, called home, deceased, feeling no pain, cross over to the other side, go to one's last home, go to the last roundup, on the heavenly shores, run down the curtain, peg out, breathe one's last, give up the ghost, sprouted wings and taking a dirt nap.

If you want you can see more examples here : http://fos.iloveindia.com/euphemism-examples.html

 

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Thin distinction between the hyperbole and understatement, and periphrasis is not needed to mix up with euphemism.. So we see the bright examples, and most of them are trite, and nevertheless sometimes we will confuse with them. How do you think what kind of these SDs will be easier for you in searching at the text, and what more difficult?
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For me, basically, it's easy to find in the text such stylistic devises as hyperbole, euphemism, but sometimes it's a little bit difficult to find periphrasis and understatement, i need more attentively take a look at them...
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They might be difficult to find because they are used not often and not by every author.
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for me it's easier to find hyperbole in searching at the text, but in some cases  i have problem in choosing correct answer between periphrases and euphemism.
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