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URZHAR SKYTHIAN WOMEN QUEEN – OBJECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL TOURISM

URZHAR SKYTHIAN WOMEN QUEEN – OBJECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL TOURISM

Kursabayev Mukhamedrakhim Kadyrbayuly. Professor of Tourism and Design chair of Turan Astana university, kursabaev1961@mail.ru

This the historical event sometime had to happen. I was born in the Urzhar area. In 2006 as a part of archaeological expedition of Academy to "KokshE" we within a month carried out research work in the Urzhars area.
When transferred through mass media about a find of "The gold person" near Urzhar we had no pleasure limit! It is sensation!
We studied object "Nayman plaited white bread" (km village Eltay-25), "Taskesken's Petroglyphs" (the km village Taskesken-50) and other objects.
The Urdzhar oasis is chosen by our ancestors not casually. The medieval city "Nayman plaited white bread" (the capital of the Nayman Khanate) was the center of commercial, economic, cultural ties and the socio-political relations. Marco Polo, Plano Karpini, Tsyma Chien, Vilgelm Rubruk, Athanasius Nikitin, Shokan Valikhanov, Alkey Margulan, Kanysh Satpayev, Saken Seyfullin, Kayym Mukhamedzhan both other scientists and educators knew about it.
At the time of the Kazakh-Chinese war (dzhungars aggression of 17-18 century in) this region became object of food security, the water and landscape and mountain meadow oasis of the Alakol hollow (a valley of five Lakes Alakol, Sasykkol, Zhalanashkol, Koshkarkol, Barmakkol) and "Barlyk-Arasan's" transit point served embraced to a recreation, a dislocation of military formation and medical and medical appointment.
Dzhungar and Oyrats and the Kalmyk armies made large-scale aggression against the will, and on the contrary on the basis of a zone military and geopolitical intresting and zones of influence of the Chinese and Russian Empire. At a real outcome Kazakhs could disappear from the face of the earth, at the minimum loss to assimilate in the environment with Chinese or with the Russian superethnoses, In such deal political situations Kyrgyz and the Uzbek army instead of that to combine efforts the union with the Kazakh zhauynger against two Empires took a neutrality position. From the Uzbek army there were cases partial to South Kazakhstan's economically developed and strategically important ancient cities.
Urdzhar became the center to one of the first large association of the Kazakh soldiers-zhauyngerov. In the history of Kazakhstan heroic feats Kazakh zhauynger and sarbaz under leadership of great sons of the Kazakh people Kabanbay (Er-Asyl) the batyr, Akhtanberdy batyr, Bogenbay batyr and the Batyr Bayan which conducted battles in river lower reaches Ayaguz, near a hill "Ak shauly" and in a river valley Emel are known.
One of the main heroes of historical battle is the great leader and the commander, the fearless soldier and wise man Kabanbay batyr from a family of the son of Aq-Sofy (Nayman Ata) Kara-Kerey (Mambet-Kozhagul) which was born near the Lake Alakol.

The term "Urzhar" is understood as "The dangerous pass". The favorable climate, rich flora and fauna, unique contrast of mountain and forest-steppe belts, rich soil and vegetable humic cover, existence of uncountable species of wild animals, birds and a fish fauna attracted many tourists and travelers. Urzhar's all these natural and landscape features became the reason for emergence in this object of the large center trade and economic and political and diplomatic the relation. One of the main issues of the economic relation were an exchange "Chinese a chink" on "Kazakh horses" or on "the Russian furs of a marten". Mutually advantageous exchange of goods brought in the huge income.
Kazakhs were famous with the fast, hardy and reliable racers. All know that horses served as an infallible and well-tried remedy of transfer and bases information, military and tactical maneuver and a dislocation, military campaigns and investigations. These traditions proceed and improved since times of Aryan, saks-Scythian and antic Turkeys tribes. Today in the world many scientists recognized that the Great Kazakh Steppe is the homeland of the first metallurgists and designers, the fighting chariots, the first manufacturers of technology of koumiss and architecture of a yurt nomads and the most important of the first horse breeders (cattle-farmers) in the world.
"Urzhar" became a keen interest place during Kabanbay batyr. The brave soldier and the far-sighted wise man in difficult years of military action supervised caravan tracks. Horses was much, sometimes they served as a core of stable economic development and a wellbeing standard. Usually horses kept in remote mountain plains, on slopes and ridge Tarbagatay mountain plains. In a section of a contour map from the East to the west (the page Aksuat and Urzhar) lengthways can be seen 4 parallel mountain chains stretched from the South to the north on with extent from 70 to 100 km where each of them are divided by plains.
Wild horses who were driven from the remote ridge were highly appreciated. They were delivered mobile, orderly and quickly through "secret roads of thieves-barymta" which the reference points often changed. To these remained national geographical name to "Habarasu", "Akperly", "Abak-asu" and other passes. Withdrawal herd of horses of enemies "Barymta" though took place "negative opinion of society", but in the phisical-body and moral relation presence of fighting spirit of the soldier, vigilance and high responsibility demanded constant. In a peace time of tradition "Barymta" from aksakals and the Sanhedrim weren't welcomed. In our opinion the place name "Urzhar" has a direct bearing on the word "Barymta".

The Russian merchants went along ridge Tarbagatay mountain, coming on the basin of the Lake Alakol and Sasykkol and on a military hill of Kabanbay of the batyr of "Zhay tobe". The route followed from the Siberia taiga to Chuguchak through Irtysh (Ertis) rever and on a ridge Tarbagatay slope. The rich and fluffy fur of a marten and other taiga wild animals a vsor became the reason for emergence of a northern branch of ancient trade caravan tracks which had the name "Way of the Siberia Marten" and "Russian Queen Road".
We investigated archaeological parking of the ancient city "Nayman plaited white bread" where traces of an architectural complex of east style with the Chinese contrast, hydrological constructions, tower buildings and the stone bases were found. It became known that Shokan Ualikhanov instead of that to make travel (Sarkant or Uch-Aral) through the medieval city of "Koylyk" (where Marco Polo on the way to Chingiz Khan stopped) decided to visit the mausoleum "Kozy Korpesh Bayan sylu" (50 km from Ayaguz and 90 km from Urzhar) then continuing to be transported to Chuguchak (Tachen) the way with city visit "Nayman plaited white bread". "Taskesken's stone drawings" and military hill of Kabanbay of batyr "Zhay-Tobe" neare the village Makanchi from 30 km of the Chinese border.
T he Urzharsky oasis can become today object of the international tourism. Some questions connected with development of the tourist industry which found the responses in state document "The system Development plan of tourism in Kazakhstan" though the main attention were concentrated on a river basin Irtysh (Peschanka). In communication by it it is necessary to develop the regional development plan of tourism under the name the Tourist and archaeological complex "Kabanbay Kakpasy – East gate of Kabanbay of the batyr"" with inclusion of kurotny zones of the Alakol hollow, Taskesken petroglyphs, a mountain and landscape belt of Tarbagatay ridge and Barlyk-Arasan, the ancient city "Nayman plaited white bread" and the mausoleum "Urzha Gold person and Women Queen". In the downtown Urzhar it is necessary to construct hotels of the international standard, it is necessary to reconstruct the airport, bus station and to construct Panoramma and ethnographic a museum.
The archeological find of the Scythian barrow near Urzhar can become a key factor of development of tourism in the region. Many scientists of the world are uniform in opinion on surprising similarity of a parallel of ritual of burial of Tsars between ancient civilizations Egyptian Pharaohs and Khans of the Great Steppe.

Mr_Kursabaev
9 июня 2013, 16:08
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URZHAR SKYTHIAN WOMEN QUEEN – OBJECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH
(http://vk.com/id1838752100

Kursabayev Mukhamedrakhim Kadyrbayuly. Professor of Tourism and Design chair of Turan Astana university, kursabaev1961@mail.ru

At the end of May from 35 km from the city of Urzhar (East Kazakhstan) during construction of the international highway Chuguchak (China, Tachen) between (Ayagyz, Kazakhstan) the driver of a tractor Muratkhan Segizbayev came across directly to a burial ground of Skythian Women Queen (Urzhar) being from 4 meters from the road. After a while to the place of there arrived authorities of Urzhar region and representatives of Instutite archeology by Alkey Margulan Kazakh National Scientific Academy Timur Smagulov, Amantay Isin, the Crimea Altynbekov, Daniyar Bozov and the journalist of the local newspaper Berikhan Tayzhigitov.
Having heard about a joyful message through Kazakh National television "Қазақстан" we members of initiative group Turgan Musanov, Muratkhan Kulzhabayev, Yerzhan Kazagulov on June 8, 2013 profits to the place of burial of Skythian Women Queen (Urzhar).

Photo from the material odnoklassniki.ru

According to our versions a grave of Skythian Women Queen (Urzhar) am reveal drivers who worked at the road. According to the inhabitant of page. The first of May of Muratkhan Segizbayev (photo) of the eyewitness of an event tractor operators in the course of repair roads faced with stone protective sarcophagi of the princess. Length of a stone plate is 1,5 m, width make 15 cm. Made room for is quite familiar. The matter is that in 2006 as a part of archaeological expedition of Academy to "Kokshe" (Zhanat Kassym) we investigated parking of the medieval city "Nayman plaited white bread" (Eltay, 18 km from page Urzhar) and stone drawings (petroglyphs) around Taskesken (70 km from page Urzhar) [5].
www.google.ru

During research work the rich material about a modern geographical position of page Urzhar and his vicinity, a social and economic situation of the region, climate, the natural phenomena, tourist potential, a soil and deciduous cover of a landscape along the mountain system of Tarbagatay, the hydrosphere, flora and area fauna was built. The special place was allocated to a question of a historical and cultural heritage of East Kazakhstan, in particular for northeast part of the basin of the lake Alakol and river terraces of river Karakol, Urzhar, Kusak, Eginsu, Emil, Khatynsu in a valley of an oasis of Urzhar and Tarbagatay mountain.
doc.nlrk.kz

This material a type of the report and the scientific report were recorded in collections International conference and seminars and also in the course of lecture in work with students and undergraduates.
Some parts of research were offered as scientific information in the governmental document "The system Development plan of the tourist industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan" [6].
Some offers and adjustments are received from foreign experts of Robin Bendrey (England), Zeynolla Samashev, by Rodolf Vienands (Germany) and other experts [8].
It should be noted that all materials received of a research resource and a library stock prove that the territory of Urzhar and other landscapes within many centuries create blapriyatny conditions for inhabitants of this territory and stable social and economic development of life and a population life.
doc.nlrk.kz
Studied by us object "Nayman plaited white bread" (km village Eltay-25), "Taskesken's Petroglyphs" (the km village Taskesken-50) and other geographical places became not only the center of association of tribes of the Steppe zone of Eurasia, but also carriers also keepers of cultures and traditions ancient to a civilization.
The Urdzhars oasis is chosen by our ancestors not casually. The medieval city "Nayman plaited white bread" (the capital of the Nayman’s Khanate) was the center of commercial, economic, cultural ties and the socio-political relations. Marco Polo, Plano Karpini, Tsyma Chien, Vilgelm Rubruk, Athanasius Nikitin, Shokan Valikhanov, Alkey Margulan, Kanysh Satpayev, Saken Seyfullin, Kayym Mukhamedzhan both other scientists and educators knew about it.
tengrinews.kz

The archeological find of the Scythian barrow near Urzhar can become a key factor of development of tourism in the region. Many scientists of the world are uniform in opinion on surprising similarity of a parallel of ritual of burial of Queen’s between ancient civilizations Egyptian Pharaohs and Khans of the Great Steppe. The very first information on an archeological find (31.05.2013) was given by journalists the Internet of the tengrinews edition (Daniyar Bozov).
archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com

The influential scientific and technical and information resource "News network Archaeology" (3.06.2013) on the basis of a material received of "Tengrinews" quite objectively extended information of global scale. In our opinion, objective processing of given information on Skythian Women Queen (Urzhar) will open for scientists of Kazakhstan a huge way for expansion of scientific communications not only in the history and archeology sphere, but also in development of the international scientific (archaeological) tourism.
www.egemen.kz

One of the first raprostranitel of information on the Saksky find is the republican centers of mass information "Eгемен Қазақстан", "Kaz TAG" and "VK.kz" web portal. In it considerable merit of the local journalist of Berikhan Taizhigitov. Though many readers and users of Interent of resources heard through the azastan television channel, it should be noted that the newspaper material nevertheless remains the only source of information for the separated inhabitants of Kazakhstan.
www.egemen.kz

According to our data the Saka-Skythian barrow is not 3 m as our opponents wrote, and 4,5 m from the road.
The place of burial of Skythian Women Queen (Urzhar) was chosen not casually. As we described earlier doc.nlrk.kz Urzhar and his vicinities is in a favorable place at Tarbagatay mountain foot. From 50 m of a barrow the wide valley reminding the huge boat with multi-colored carpets is spread. Special place in life of Skythia (Saka) took animal husbandry. For cultivation of huge herd flat plains with multi-colored and different types of herbs, plants and availability of water were necessary.
odnoklassniki.ru

On our supervision in 3 km from Skythia (Saka) parking we paid attention to Eginsu river basin. Despite growth of consumption of a water resource for argoculture and economic activity of the region a hydrological resource of the river are used by the population in a stable and rational mode. Inhabitants of an aul (village) of Lai-bulak finding a number and Zhana-tilek within many years have no social or economic problem of food providing.
odnoklassniki.ru

“Ury-Zhar” "Ury Heat" (in transfer a dangerous crossing) became a keen interest place during Kabanbay batyr. The brave soldier and the far-sighted wise man in difficult years of military action supervised caravan tracks. Horses was much, sometimes they served as a core of stable economic development and a wellbeing standard. Usually horses kept in remote mountain plains, on slopes and ridge Tarbagatay plains. In a section of a contour map from the East to the west (the page Aksuat and Urzhar) lengthways can be seen 4 parallel mountain chains stretched from the South to the north on with extent from 70 to 100 km where each of them are divided by plains.
Wild horses who were driven from the remote ridge were highly appreciated. They were delivered mobile, orderly and quickly through "secret roads of thieves-barymta-mens" which the reference points often changed. To these remained national geographical ethnic toponomy terminology to "Habarasu", "Akperly", "Abak-asu" and other passes. Withdrawal herd of horses of enemies "Barymta" though took place "negative opinion of society", but in the body-phisical and moral relation presence of fighting spirit of the soldier, vigilance and high responsibility demanded constant. In a peace time of tradition "Barymta" from aksakals and the Sanhedrim weren't welcomed. In our opinion the place name "Ury -zhar or Urzhar" has a direct bearing on the Kazakh word "Barymta".

1.http://www.egemen.kz/%D1%
2.http://tengrinews.kz/strange_news/ryadom-s-sarkofagom-saksko..
3. www.facebook.com 4. yk.kz 5. doc.nlrk.kz 6.System Plan for Tourism Development in the Kenderli Area,SKS Studio+SB Architects+Roger Jones Golf & Leisure Ltd, 16.11.2012)
7. «Roger Jones Golf & Leisure Ltd» (USA), Innovative Tourisn Advisors (THR), «Системный план развития туризма зоны Кендерли», Презентация окончательного отчета, System Plan for Tourism Development in the Kenderli Area,SKS Studio+SB Architects+Roger Jones Golf & Leisure Ltd, 16.11.2012
8. The Earliest Horse Harnessing and Milking. Alan K. Outram,Natalie A. Stear,Robin Bendrey,Sandra Olsen,Alexei Kasparov,Victor Zaibert, Nick Thorpe,Richard P. Evershed. www.reading.ac.uk 9. Muhamedrahim Kursabaev.URZHAR SKYTHIAN WOMEN QUEEN – OBJECT OF THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH Received: 16.06.2013 ID: 263 Is under review, www.erjournal.ru
Urzhar Skythian Queen Women
От кого: Robin Bendrey
Хотелось отметить, что известный археолог Robin Bendrey (University of Reading, England) пожелал нам успехов в исследовательской работе. Спасибо нашим зарубежным коллегам

Кому: muhamedrahim kursabaev
Вчера, 22:02
Dear Prof. Muhamedrahim Kursabaev,

Many thanks for your email and this information. This looks very interesting, and I look forward to hearing more about your research in the future.
With best wishes, Robin Bendrey

From: muhamedrahim kursabaev [kursabaev61@mail.ru]
Sent: 16 June 2013 14:58
To: Robin Bendrey
Subject: Urzhar Skythian Queen Women

Drear prof. Robin Bendrey!
I send you a material. I hope to you it will be interesting. To be continued.
Muhamedrahim Kursabaev




--
muhamedrahim kursabaev

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