Simile is imaginative comparison of a partial affinity of 2 objects. It is used with the help of link words:like and as (also: to resemble, to seem, to look like).
As well as a metaphor, it has the tenor and the vehicle.
E.g. The rainbow - is the tenor and its descriptions are vehicles (words after as)
Both similes and metaphors compare things, but they do it in a different way.
We can see their formulas:
As we see on the picture metaphor makes more direct comparison of two objects.
In everyday life we use them and we don't give attention to it, but without metaphors and similes our favourite songs and may be our life would become boring. You can check it here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNFeAgUzpEQ
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which there is an indirect comparison or contrast between some words, without using 'like' or 'as'. These words always have something in common in their meaning. A metaphor expresses unfamiliar (the tenor) in terms of the familiar (the vehicle). The tenor is equal to the vehicle, formula: [A is B].
Metaphors can be divided in two ways - semantically and structurally. Semantically: original (E.g .It's been a purple dinosaur of a day) and trite (E.g. A blanket of snow covered the garden). Structurally: simple (E.g. The UK is a melting pot of cultures), prolonged (E.g. It will take a big tractor to plow the fertile fields of his mind. ), mixed (E.g. It was playing with fire in the belly.)
"Metaphor is a device for seeing something in terms of something else. It brings out the thisness of a that, or the thatness of a this." (Kenneth Burke, A Grammar of Motives, 1945)
An interesting video about our topic: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eFgRj-5d5Ac&feature=player_detailpage
Смотря в очередные пустые глаза вчерашнего студента, приходящего устраиваться на первую работу страшно становится. Потому что сравниваю с теми же китайскими студентами, которые готовы выгрызать себе мечту.
Помню, когда я уезжал и Казахстана, тут было довольно прилично, даже не смотря на то, что жить было невыносимо. Но прилично так. Мусора было меньше. Дороги чистили, вони почти не было. Да и в остальном тоже норм.