As it turns out, foreigners either do not know anything at all about the Republic of Kazakhstan or have only heard a little about it. And it’s a shame, because today Kazakhstan is an actively developing country known to some as»the new leader in the heart of Eurasia». ISJ intends to fix this problem and acquaint our foreign readers with wonderful country.
The mere fact that Kazakhstan is ranked as the ninth largest country in the world deserves attention. It is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Due to its unique location, almost all types of landscapes can be seen in Kazakhstan’s territory, from majestic mountains to the boundless steppes, from arid deserts to crystal-clear lakes and rivers. Kazakhstan has beautiful forests and meadows teeming with rare plants and animals. Most of them are listed as endangered. That is why, the nature of Kazakhstan has always been an important subject for researchers around the world.
Also, it is impossible not to mention the large mineral reserves: oil, uranium, gold etc. Entrails of the country contain ninety nine elements of the Mendeleev’s periodic table.
Kazakhstan is a constitutional parliamentary-presidential republic. The president of Kazakhstan is elected by the citizens on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage. Executive power is exercised by the government and the head of the government is the Prime Minister. Legislative power is exercised in Parliament, which consists of two chambers: the Senate and the Majilis.
The official language of the state is Kazakh, one of the Turkic languages. Russian is also used officially along with the Kazakh. Everyone has the right to speak their native language and any ether language that helps people of different nations to live and work in peace and harmony in all aspects of life.
About 60% of the population lives in cities. The largest of these are Almaty, Astana, Shymkent, Karaganda, Taraz, Ust-Kamenogorsk and Pavlodar.
Astana became the youngest capital city in the world, and is the largest business, diplomatic, commercial and cultural center in Kazakhstan. All governmental organizations and diplomatic missions of 44 countries are located here. Every year the city organizes various international exhibitions, conferences, musical events and festivals.
Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan located in the south-eastern region, in the foothills of the Trans-Ili Alatau. The city's population is about 1.5 million. Although Almaty is no longer the capital of the republic, the city remains the financial, economic and cultural center of Central Asia. There are a lot of business centers and cultural establishments, such as museums and theatres as well as a wide range of modern entertainment complexes.
Kazakhstan is a country with a market economy.
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