This week we discussed metaphor and its subtypes. We know that metaphor is a comparison between two things that replaces the word or name for one object with that of another (without using “as” or...
This week we discussed metaphor and its subtypes.
We know that metaphor is a comparison between two things that replaces the word or name for one object with that of another (without using “as” or “like”). A metaphor is like this: A is b.
Semantically metaphors split into original and trite, and structurally they are divided into simple, prolonged and mixed.
I will analyse two metaphors from this list http://www.macmillandictionaryblog.com/famous-metaphors.
The first one is "All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree" (Albert Einstein). Albert Einstein compares religion, art and science with branches of tree. But they can't be them. All these aspects (religion, art and science) are directed toward ennobling man's life and mind (tree). I think it's simple and original metaphor because it is based on absolutely unexpected analogy between two things and we don't use it in everyday life.
The second metaphor which I want to analyse is "Let us be grateful to people who make us happy, they are the charming gardeners who make our souls blossom" (Marcel Proust).
In my opinion this quote contains trite and prolonged metaphor: people are gardeners who make souls blossom. People can be gardeners but they make flowers or trees blossom, not human souls, that is why it’s prolonged metaphor. And we often use such expression, so it's trite metaphor.