Epithet and periphrasis

Assel Sharapatova 2013 M03 22
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Epithet - a rhetorical term for an adjective (or adjective phrase) used to characterize a person or thing.   Examples: I had reached a delicate corner. The idle road stretched for miles. All I can...

Epithet - a rhetorical term for an adjective (or adjective phrase) used to characterize a person or thing.

 

Examples:

  • I had reached a delicate corner.
  • The idle road stretched for miles.
  • All I can say is that he had an honest end.
 

Semantically epithets split into:

  • Associated (wide sea)
  • Unassociated (bootless cries)
  • Fixed (happy birthday)
 

Structurally epithets split into:

  • Simple (careful attention)
  • Compound (cloud-shapen giant)
  • Phrase (I-am-not-that-kind-of-girl look)
  • Reversed (a hook of a nose)
  • Transferred (merry hours)
  • Two-step (an unnaturally mild day)
  • String of epithets (good for nothing brute)

- is circumlocution, talking around the subject rather than directly what perhaps might be said in the circumstances.

 

Examples:

  • It is not that James is welcome or otherwise, or that he is sometimes here or not. I do wonder, though, if he might be thinking what it's all about. (= I don't like James)
  • When I am with you, my toes tingle and my knees are weak. The world is a better place altogether and I find myself giving my fortune to beggars, and I am a beggar before you, craving a smile, a whim. (= I love you)
 

http://changingminds.org/techniques/language/figures_speech/periphrasis.htm

http://article.ranez.ru/id/117/

 

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