Pun is the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings orapplications, orthe use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound...
Pun is the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings orapplications, orthe use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; aplay on words.
Types of irony
Modern theories of rhetoric distinguish among verbal, dramatic and situational irony.
- Verbal irony is a disparity of expression and intention: when a speaker says one thing but means another, or when a literal meaning is contrary to its intended effect. An example of this is when someone says "Oh, that's beautiful", when what he means (probably conveyed by intonation) is he finds "that" quite ugly.
- "Today was a very cold and bitter day, as cold and bitter as a cup of hot chocolate, if the cup of hot chocolate had vinegar added to it and were placed in a refrigerator for several hours."
- "The day was as normal as a group of seals with wings riding around on unicycles, assuming that you lived someplace where that was very normal."
- Dramatic irony is a disparity of awareness between actor and observer: when words and actions possess significance that the listener or audience understands, but the speaker or character does not; for example when a character says to another "I'll see you tomorrow!" when the audience (but not the character) knows that the character will die before morning.
- Situational irony is the disparity of intention and result; when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect. Being "shot with one's own gun" or "hoisted with one's own petard" are popular formulations of the basic idea of situational irony.[this quote needs a citation][dubious ]
- Cosmic irony is disparity between human desires and the harsh realities of the outside world. By some definitions, situational irony and cosmic irony are not irony at all.
Zeugma is figure of speech in which two or more parts of a sentence are joined together grammatically or semantically by a single word other than a conjunction.
P.S. I'm sorry, I don't know why but I can't add links