Metaphor Simile Personification Metonymy

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Figure of speech Metaphor Simile Personification Metonymy Definition A metaphor is defined as an indirect comparison between two or more seemingly unrelated subjects that typically...

Figure of speech

Metaphor

Simile

Personification

Metonymy

Definition

A metaphor is defined as an indirect comparison between two or more seemingly unrelated subjects that typically uses “is a” to join the subjects.

A simile is where two things are directly compared, and “as” or “like” is usually used to compare.

 

Personification is giving human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects (things, colors, qualities, or ideas).

Figure of speech where an object’s name is replaced with another name that is closely connected with it.

Formula

A is B

A is like B

   

To which group it belongs:

- according to I. R. Galperin

- according to Kukharenko

- according to Screbnev

   

Lexical SDs and EMs

   

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

   

Lexical SDs and Ems

   

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

   

Lexical SDs and Ems

   

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

   

Lexical SDs and Ems

   

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

Types

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

Structurally:

-         simple

-         prolonged

-         mixed

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

Structurally:

-         ordinary

-         disguised

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

 

- Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole or the whole for a part.

- Antonomasia is the substitution of a title or epithet for a proper name, as in calling a sovereign "Your Majesty.”

Example

   

http://www.imschools.org/cms/Units/Poetry/personif.htm

http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/synecdocheterm.htm

http://www.dailywritingtips.com

     

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I liked this table! It's very convenient and easy in use. Because all needed information is in one chart. May be I would add more examples, but anyway it is a good job.
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It's good idea to do map. There are include all necessary information for us and it is easy to understand. I think I will copy your information. I think it will be help me to prepare for exam. Thanks.
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I agree with Assel and madina. I think the drafting a table is a good way to organize and systematize our knowledge and find the differences and similarities between several objects.
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I agree with all girls, it is really useful and convenient thing. To summarize all important information. It can be a short synopsis for us, like a crib) We will be glad to see a continuation of your table on the next themes))
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I absolutely agree with girls. This table is really a good idea. I think it would be useful for all of us to have such table in case when we'll forget some information and when we'll prepare for the checking test.
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