If you are having difficulties thinhing up ideas at the right level of generalisation, then a good technique is to thing of very specific, concrete examples, and then try to find a higher level of...
If you are having difficulties thinhing up ideas at the right level of generalisation, then a good technique is to thing of very specific, concrete examples, and then try to find a higher level of abstraction that the examples belong to.
Topic: The importance of animals to people is not always recognised. We should pay more attention to how we look after and protect animals.
First you need to think how important animals are to people. Begin by thinking of specific animals - any animals:
Now organize these under a higher level of classification, e.g.
- Domestic animals: cow dog cat sheep
- Wild animals: lion animals
Think again, and come up with a sub-division of domestic animals
- Animals whose products we use: cow sheep
- Pets: dog cat
Now we can go back to our topic, the importance of animals to people, and we can say:
- some animals are improtant to us directly because we use their products (e.g. cows, sheeps, goats etc.)
- some animals give us pleasure as pets (dogs, cats etc.)
- some animals are just interesting and attract tourists (lions, kangaroos etc.)
And if, after thinking all that in our brainstorming and classifying, we suddenly think of horses, we may add the category of animals that work for us (and then remember water buffalos, donkeys, camels etc.). In your essay you will then write about these categories of animals, rather than individual species.