This week we discussed the description of 4 SD and EM: pun, zeugma, irony, malapropism. All of them have one common thing- comic effect. And they have a couple of differences.
Pun. A play on words.The use of one word in two different applications,the use of two different words, which are pronounced alike.
An elephant's opinion carries a lot of weight.(Pun depends on the context.)
Zeugma.The use of one word in the same grammatical,but different semantic relations.
Formula: Verb+2nouns.One of them is used in indirect meaning, another one is used in direct.
He lost his coat and his temper.
Irony.A direct contrast of two notions: the notion named and the notion meant.The author says one thing, but really means the opposite to produce a humorous effect.
She turned with the sweet smile of an alligator.
Malapropism.Creates a funny change of meaning by wrong using.
Illiterate him from your life.(Obliterate)
It was very interesting and busy week.I hope you understood all very well.Good night!