Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables.
- Alice’s aunt ate apples and acorns around August.
- Becky’s beagle barked and bayed, becoming bothersome for Billy.
- Carries cat clawed her couch, creating chaos.
Rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds in two or more words, most often at the end of lines in poems and songs.
Rhyme partly seems to be enjoyed simply as a repeating pattern that is pleasant to hear. It also serves as a powerful mnemonic device, facilitating memorization. The regular use of tail rhyme helps to mark off the ends of lines, thus clarifying the metrical structure for the listener. As with other poetic techniques, poets use it to suit their own purposes; for example William Shakespeare often used a rhyming couplet to mark off the end of a scene in a play.
Identical rhymes are considered less than perfect in English poetry; but are valued more highly in other literatures.
Eye rhymes or sight rhymes or spelling rhymes refer to similarity in spelling but not in sound where the final sounds are spelled identically by pronounced differently. Examples in English are cough, bough, and love, move.
Mind rhyme is a kind of substitution rhyme similar to rhyming slang, but it is less generally codified and is “heard” only when generated by a specific verse context. For instance, “this sugar is neat / and tastes so sour.” If a reader or listener thinks of the word “sweet” instead of “sour”, then a mind rhyme has occurred.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the King's horses, And all the King's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again!
Capitalization is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case.
- Capitalization With Titles and Positions
"The range of titles runs the gamut from CEO to chief juggler: Chairperson Bruno Bernstein, Dr. Bruno Bernstein, Director Bruno Bernstein, Maestro Bruno Bernstein, CEO Bruno Bernstein, Judge Bruno Bernstein, Vice President Bruno Bernstein.
- Capitalization for Emphasis
"The Americans are all mystified about why the English make such a big thing out of tea because most Americans HAVE NEVER HAD A GOOD CUP OF TEA. That's why they don't understand."
(Douglas Adams, "Tea." The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time. Macmillan, 2002)
Onomatopoeia- the formation of a word, as cuckoo, meow, honk, or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
direct (natural sounds): buzz, bang, splat
indirect is a combination of sounds the aim of which is to make the sound of the utterance an echo of its sense.Indirect onomatopoeia demands some mention of what makes the sound, as rustling of curtains in the following line.
And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain" (E. A. Poe).