Purpose of Metaphors
|It's been a hard day's night,
and I've been working like a dog
A simile is a figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing. We can use similes to make descriptions more emphatic or vivid.
We often use the words as...as and like with similes.
Common patterns for similes, with example sentences, are:
- something [is*] AS adjective AS something
His skin was as cold as ice.
It felt as hard as rock.
She looked as gentle as a lamb.
- something [is*] LIKE something
My love is like a red, red rose.
These cookies taste like garbage.
He had a temper (that was) like a volcano.
- something [does**] LIKE something
He eats like a pig.
He smokes like a chimney.
They fought like cats and dogs.
* stative verb: be, feel, smell, taste etc
** action verb
Similes are often found (and they sometimes originate) in poetry and other literature. Here are a few examples:
- A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle - Irina Dunn
- Dawn breaks open like a wound that bleeds afresh - Wilfred Owen
- Death has many times invited me: it was like the salt invisible in the waves - Pablo Neruda
- Guiltless forever, like a tree - Robert Browning
- Happy as pigs in mud - David Eddings
- How like the winter hath my absence been - William Shakespeare
- As idle as a painted ship upon a painted ocean - Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- Jubilant as a flag unfurled - Dorothy Parker
- So are you to my thoughts as food to life - William Shakespeare
- Yellow butterflies flickered along the shade like flecks of sun - William Faulkner
Difference between metaphor and simile IS
Personification is the technique of giving a non-human thing human qualities such as hearing, feeling, talking, or making decisions. Writers use personification to emphasize something or make it stand out. Personification makes the material more interesting and creates a new way to look at every day things.
Metonymy is the use of one item's name to represent another item. In particular the representing item usually has a close association with the represented item.
Metonymy can be used in a number of associations, for example:
- Cause represents effect
- Container represents the contained
- A greater thing represents a smaller thing
- An author represents the book
- The sign represents the signified
Metonymy comes from the Greek 'metonymia' meaning 'a change of name'.